Kazhuveli Wetland declared as 16th bird sancturary

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The Kazhuveli wetland located near Villupuram in Tamil Nadu has been declared a bird sanctuary by the Environment, Climate Change and Forest Department, and will henceforth be called the ‘Kazhuveli Birds Sanctuary’.

The 5,151.60 hectares of land in Vanur and Marakkanam taluks will be the 16th bird sanctuary in Tamil Nadu.

According to a notification issued by the government, the proposal by the Principal Chief Conservator of Forest and Chief Wild Life Warden Shekar Kumar Niraj was accepted by Environment and Forest Secretary Surpiya Sahu.

  • The declaration was made under subsection (1) of section 18 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • The Kazhuveli wetland is second largest Brackish Water Lake in South India , After Pulicat Lake.
  • Constitutional Provisions for Wildlife:
    • The 42nd Amendment Act, 1976, Forests and Protection of Wild Animals and Birds was transferred from State to Concurrent List.
    • Article 51 A (g) of the Constitution states that it shall be the fundamental duty of every citizen to protect and improve the natural environment including forests and Wildlife.
    • Article 48 A in the Directive Principles of State policy, mandates that the State shall endeavor to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country.
  • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: The Act was enacted for the protection of plants and animal species.
    • It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
    • Prior to this legislation, India had only five designated national parks.
      • At present, there are 101 National Parks in India.
  • Authorities Appointed under the Act:
    • The Central Government appoints the Director of Wildlife Preservation and assistant directors and other officers subordinate to the Director.
    • The State Governments appoint a Chief Wildlife Warden (CWLW) who heads the Wildlife Wing of the department and exercises complete administrative control over Protected Areas (PAs) within a state.
      • The state governments are also entitled to appoint Wildlife Wardens in each district.
Name of Wildlife SanctuarySanctuary Area in HaDistrict in which locatedDesignation of the OfficerYear in which started
WILDLIFE  SANCTUARIES   
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary21776.00NilgirisCCF & FD, MTR, Ooty1940
Mundanthurai Wildlife Sanctuary (R.F. 35228.38 + R.L.22979.20)58207.58TirunelveliCCF & FD, KMTR, Tirunelveli1962  
Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary1728.81NagapattinamWLW, Nagapattinam1967
Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary84149.00CoimbatoreCCF & FD, ATR, Pollachi1976
Kalakad Wildlife Sanctuary22358.00TirunelveliCCF & FD, KMTR, Tirunelveli1976  
Vallanadu Black Buck Sanctuary1641.00TuticorinDFO, Tuticorin1987
Grizzled Giant Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary48520.00VirudhunagarWLW, Srivilliputtur1988
Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary40239.55KanyakumariDFO, Kanyakumari2007
Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary141160.94ErodeDFO, Sathyamangalam2008, 2011
Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary26910.81Theni and MaduraiWLW, Theni,2009
Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary Block A and Block B12407.27Thanjavur and Tiruvarur NagapattinamWLW, Nagapattinam DFO, Tiruvarur2013
Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary60895.482Dindigul and TheniDFO, Kodaikanal2013
Gangaikondan Spotted Deer Sanctuary288.40TirunelveliDFO, Tirunelveli2013
Cauvery North Wildlife Sanctuary50433.48Dharmapuri, KrishnagiriDFO, Hosur2014
Nellai Wildlife Sanctuary35673.33TirunelveliDFO, Tirunelveli2015
Total606389.657   
BIRDS SANCTUARIES    
Vettangudi birds Sanctuary38.40SivagangaiDFO, Sivagangai1977
Pulicat Lake Birds Sanctuary15367TiruvallurWLW, Chennai1980
Karikili Birds Sanctuary61.21KancheepuramWLW, Chennai1989
Kanjirankulam Birds Sanctuary104.00RamanathapuramWLW, Ramad1989
Chitrangudi Birds Sanctuary47.63RamanathapuramWLW, Ramad1989
Koonthankulam-Kadankulam Birds Sanctuary129.00TirunelveliDFO, Tirunelveli1994
Vellode Birds Sanctuary77.18ErodeDFO, Erode1997
Vedanthangal Birds Sanctuary30.00KancheepuramWLW, Chennai1998
Udayamarthandpuram Birds Sanctuary45.28TiruvarurDFO, Tiruvarur1998
Melaselvanur-Kilaselvanur Birds Sanctuary593.08RamanathapuramWLW, Ramad1998
Vaduvoor birds Sanctuary128.10TiruvarurDFO, Tiruvarur1999
Karaivetti Birds Sanctuary453.71AriyalurDFO, ­Ariyalur2000
Theerthangal Bird Sanctury29.29RamanathapuramWLW, Ramad2010
Sakkarakottai Tank  Birds Sanctuary230.49RamanathapuramWLW, Ramad2012
Oussudu Lake Birds Sanctuary331.785VillupuramDFO, Villupuram2015
Total17666.155   
NATIONAL PARKS    
Guindy National Park270.57ChennaiWLW, Chennai1978
Gulf of Mannar Marine Park (21 Islands) Reserve Land – 623.12 Ha + Sea area – 51978.88 Ha52602Ramanathapuram & TuticorinWLW, Ramnad1986
Indira Gandhi National Park11710CoimbatoreCCF & FD, ATR, Pollachi1989
Mukurthi National Park7846NilgirisCCF & FD, MTR, Ooty2001
Mudumalai National Park10323NilgirisCCF & FD, MTR, Ooty2005
Total82751.57